RMS Titanic, Inc (RMST), the company that has been recovering artifacts from the wreck of the Titanic since 1987, says it plans to make a ninth dive to the wreck in 2021, in a bid to recover the Marconi Wireless Telegraph from the Titanic’s radio room.
The attempt will require some sophisticated undersea engineering using a pair of Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) designed specifically to get into the remains of the radio room on the top deck of the Titanic.
The telegraph equipment is, of course, legendary.
It was on this set that radio operators, Jack Phillips and Harold Bride, first received warnings of ice from ships ahead of them and passed them on to Capt Smith. Then after striking the iceberg, it was this set that broadcast their cries for help using at first the traditional CDQ distress code, then switching to the new SOS call for help.
The morse code cry for help was tragically not heard by the SS California only a few miles away, but was picked up by the SS Carpathia, which came steaming at full speed to RMS Titanic’s aid.
Even when Jack Phillips had been relieved from his post and could have survived, like his co-worker Harold Bride, he instead heroically stayed with the Marconi telegraphy set, calling out for help on behalf of the ship’s survivors until the power failed just three minutes before the ship plunged into the icy depths.
RMST’s expedition, originally planned for this year but delayed by the COVID-19 pandemic, has a team of leading scientists, marine archaeologists and deep-sea engineering experts to help carefully recover the telegraph that was instrumental in saving more than 705 passengers from the Atlantic 109 years ago.
After its recovery and conservation, the telegraph will be shared with the general public in museums and other institutions around the world as part of the touring museum experience ‘Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition‘. During the expedition, the team will also monitor the current rate of deterioration of Titanic and conduct further recovery and scientific study as necessary.
So, how are they going to do it?
The plan involves a multi-phase, non-evasive method using two purpose-built ROVs to safely excavate and investigate the Marconi Radio. The new tooling and methodology will allow them to expose the key components in their current resting state and determine if safe extraction and recovery is possible.
The ROVs, Romeo and Juliet, have been developed by Magellan Limited, who have worked with RMST on previous recovery expeditions. They have a unique ladder deployment system giving them non-evasive entry to areas of interest without wreck disturbance. Each ROV will be equipped with their respective tooling to first dredge and clean the area for a thorough investigation. Components approved safe for extraction will be gently removed using both ROV’s and collected to salvage baskets for safe recovery to the surface.
Hopefully they will join some of the 5,500 artifacts that RMST has recovered from RMS Titanic and take pride of place among the collection.
Images: Magellan Limited and RMS Titanic, Inc.